Fuelling a future on Europe's waterways
日本一本道最新高清无码Norway, famous for its stunning fjords
日本一本道最新高清无码and pristine environment,
日本一本道最新高清无码a place where the future of energy
日本一本道最新高清无码is not in the future any more.
Amid this tranquillity, a change is happening,
a change which may have an impact in countries
日本一本道最新高清无码far beyond Norway.
日本一本道最新高清无码Monday morning on the Mastrafjord ferry...
日本一本道最新高清无码..a busy commuter route that's part of daily life
日本一本道最新高清无码on the Stavanger Peninsula.
Two-million people use it to cross the Boknafjord each year.
This route is very important.
It's the second largest route in the country,
so people need these boats to work.
日本一本道最新高清无码The ferry makes 42 crossings daily.
日本一本道最新高清无码Today, sea fog is restricting visibility.
日本一本道最新高清无码Captain Vikøren must draw on all his skill
to make the crossing safely.
When it's bad visibility,
日本一本道最新高清无码the radar is the most important instrument.
You are steering
and you also keep an eye on the course and the speed.
Because of the weather, there are a lot of challenges here.
日本一本道最新高清无码I'm just turning the boat now to get a better angle for the waves,
so it gets much calmer in the boat.
日本一本道最新高清无码Below deck, the Mastrafjord is no ordinary ferry.
日本一本道最新高清无码It's technically innovative.
日本一本道最新高清无码Powered by liquefied natural gas or LNG,
gas that has been cooled to -162 Celsius,
日本一本道最新高清无码shrinking it 600 times
日本一本道最新高清无码and liquefying it for easy transportation and storage.
There were built five prototypes of this kind of ferry
日本一本道最新高清无码and it's a new technology.
It shows that the world is moving forward. It's a new step.
日本一本道最新高清无码The ferry's powerful gas engines
日本一本道最新高清无码are some of the cleanest afloat.
Ship's mechanic, Ulrik Kjerpeset,
日本一本道最新高清无码and chief engineer, Rolf Nilsen,
keep them running smoothly.
There you go.
I started working here four years ago.
日本一本道最新高清无码I didn't know so much about LNG.
日本一本道最新高清无码I think it's very positive.
日本一本道最新高清无码You don't have to change the oil.
It's so clean. It never gets black.
It looks beautiful.
日本一本道最新高清无码Tonight, Rolf and Ulrik will oversee the refuelling
of the Mastrafjord.
日本一本道最新高清无码At a nearby storage plant,
LNG, destined for the ferry,
is being collected for delivery by truck.
日本一本道最新高清无码Boats can also be refuelled
日本一本道最新高清无码from another ship at sea or from a station on land.
日本一本道最新高清无码The Mastrafjord is on a tight schedule
and delivering LNG by truck offers the most flexibility.
Gas car, are you ready?
Ulrik, are you ready?
The refuelling is a safe operation.
Rolf and Ulrik ensure everything runs according to plan.
Now you can open 354 and 352.
Open 354 and 352.
Tank car, you now are open for the nitrogen.
as warm air contacts the freezing-cold pipes
日本一本道最新高清无码that the LNG is pumped through.
The refuelling process takes 90 minutes.
Once complete, the Mastrafjord
has enough fuel to operate
日本一本道最新高清无码for up to eight days.
日本一本道最新高清无码Traditional shipping emissions
日本一本道最新高清无码tend to have a high sulphur concentration.
日本一本道最新高清无码From 2015, the EU will enforce strict new emissions limits
on air quality.
It's a change the Mastrafjord's owners, Fjord1,
are ready for.
We consider ourselves as a leader in the field of LNG.
We have put in an operation,
the world's first LNG ferry,
and today we have 12 such ferries running.
日本一本道最新高清无码All in all, this is a step in the right direction
to find environmentally friendly transport solutions.
At the Shell Technology Centre in Amsterdam,
日本一本道最新高清无码Tim Last tests and improves
the raw natural gas that's refined
to make the LNG product.
Before we produce the LNG,
we have to remove all those components
like hydrogen sulphide or CO2.
日本一本道最新高清无码In Amsterdam we are trying to improve current processes
and to develop new processes for the future.
日本一本道最新高清无码And part of my job is to help to improve the solvents we use
for cleaning up natural gas
coming out of the ground.
The solvents are necessary to make the process more efficient
日本一本道最新高清无码and to make the gas cleaner,
because otherwise, it's not possible to liquefy the natural gas.
Tim and his team have been working for many years
to develop the refining process -
日本一本道最新高清无码scientific research that's crucial to the success of LNG.
日本一本道最新高清无码LNG as a transportation fuel
for the marine sector is going to be big.
日本一本道最新高清无码So we look at inland waterways,
日本一本道最新高清无码we look at the Baltics, some of the coastal areas in the US.
日本一本道最新高清无码These are the early adopters of tighter emissions controls
日本一本道最新高清无码but over time, this will spread to more and more ports and routes,
日本一本道最新高清无码and LNG is really one of the best ways
to cope with those emissions constraints.
The benefits of LNG
are making waves across commercial shipping.
In the small fishing port of Åkrehamn,
trawler men, Jørgen Runehall and Henrik Anderson,
日本一本道最新高清无码are excited by what they've heard.
There are a lot of changes out there with fishing
and with sailing, we'll have to think more and more about the environment.
You see around here, the ferries are starting to use LNG,
the newest ones.
Not yet, we have the technology for the small ships, like we have,
but maybe bigger fishing ships do
日本一本道最新高清无码and I think that's a step in the right direction.
日本一本道最新高清无码Treat the North Sea nicely,
日本一本道最新高清无码so we can live on this fishing for many years.
LNG is not an immediate solution for Jørgen and Henrik
in their small fishing boats,
but it is already a reality today
with lots more potential.
日本一本道最新高清无码The future of LNG as a transportation fuel
is not restricted to marine.
It's going to be used in road transportation, mining and in rail,
日本一本道最新高清无码anywhere where fuel consumption is high
and they're looking for emissions control.
日本一本道最新高清无码In order to be the world's most competitive
日本一本道最新高清无码and innovative energy company,
it's vital for us to be at the forefront of new technologies.
日本一本道最新高清无码The need for energy is increasing.
日本一本道最新高清无码In order to preserve our unique environment,
the world needs smart and effective solutions.
日本一本道最新高清无码LNG is an important part of this journey.